Brave Deeds Against the Dead ! Goya Romanticism. ‘Bonaparte Visiting the Plague Victims of Jaffa’ was created in 1804 by Antoine-Jean Gros in Neoclassicism style. Yet, Napoleon did visit his suffering soldiers to offer comfort. Thank you for your understanding. But aspects of Gros's treatment in this work have broken with the art of his teacher David and herald Romanticism. Change language, Home>Collection & Louvre Palace>Curatorial Departments>Napoleon Bonaparte Visiting the Plague-Stricken in Jaffa, Previous work This painting uses elements of the composition of Jacques-Louis David's 1784 Oath of the Horatii, also held at the Louvre, such as the three arcades from Oath which defined three different worlds (the three sons making the oath in the left one; the father brandishing the swords in the middle; the women abandoned to sadness in the right-hand one), a principle taken up in this painting too. Bonaparte, like a Christian saint or Christ himself, seems to … The bodies are sick, languishing, and the hero is less heroic for being surrounded by ordinary people. Touching a bubo with a bare hand was not particularly risky, since all the other actors in the scene are (we now know) running exactly the same risk of transmission of the disease by fleas. Dominique Vivant Denon, who participated in Bonaparte's expedition to Egypt and was now director of the musée du Louvre, acted as advisor to Gros on it. A longstanding question concerning the interpretation of the painting is the significance of the number "32" on the hat of one of the patients. Napoleon Crossing the Great Saint Bernard Pass ! Napoleon Visiting the Plague-Stricken at Jaffa by Antoine-Jean Gros (1804) Baron Antoine-Jean Gros, also known as Jean-Antoine Gros was born in Paris in 1771. It is set in a mosque, whose courtyard and minaret we can see in the background. The sick man with bandaged eyes on the right is suffering from blindness as well as plague. rights and access. To the left, dominated by a typically Arabic art, a man richly-dressed in the oriental manner hands out bread, aided by a servant carrying a bread-basket. Brave Deeds Against the Dead ! On the right, a blind soldier is trying to approach the general-in-chief. This page was last modified on 16 April 2015, at 13:18. Napoleon Bonaparte Visiting the Victims of the Plague at Jaffa, 11 March 1799, 1804, by Antoine Jean Gros.Oil on canvas. On the left, two Arabs are handing out bread to the sick. In it, Napoleon Bonaparte heroically comforts his plague-stricken soldiers. It was fought from 3 to 7 March 1799. Cookie-policy The scene took place in March 1799 during the Syrian campaign. Turner Romanticism. Napoleon and his doctors knew that this was the bubonic plague (peste), and the title of Gros’s painting refers to Napoleon visiting the plague-stricken (pestiférés). Napoleon Visiting the Plague Victims at Jaffa ! Napoleon Visiting the Plague-Stricken at Jaffa, 1799 Aggregation Art and Art History Collection (Saskia) Format Photograph. The picture is neoclassical in its subject matter - the depiction of an example of virtue - and in certain formal aspects. The painter Antoine-Jean Gros depicts the courage of General Bonaparte visiting plague-stricken soldiers in Jaffa, Syria, in 1799. Gros has given him the luminous aura and gestures of Christ healing the lepers in religious paintings. Gros subsequently portrayed Napoleon on the Battlefield of Eylau (1808, Louvre), a work very similar to this one. In the context of the Troubadour style, and especially at the moment when Napoleon was becoming emperor, this episode evoked the tradition of the thaumaturgical royal touch which the French kings carried out with sufferers of scrofula. https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamapsychiatry/fullarticle/209536 This huge canvas, hugely acclaimed at the 1804 Salon, was the first masterpiece of Napoleonic painting. The Siege of Jaffa was a military engagement between the French army under Napoleon Bonaparte and Ottoman forces under Ahmed al-Jazzar.On the 3 of March, 1799, the French laid siege to the city of Jaffa, which was under Ottoman control. Gros Romanticism. On 23 April 1799, during the siege of Acre, Bonaparte suggested to Desgenettes, the expedition's chief doctor, that the sick should be administered a fatal-level dose of opium - that is, mercy-killed. Turner Romanticism. This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "Bonaparte_Visiting_the_Plague_Victims_of_Jaffa" ; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. When he commissioned Gros to paint this canvas, Bonaparte, who had become First Consul, wanted it to help clear the accusations of the British press, who had alleged that he had wanted to execute the plague-stricken during his retreat to Cairo. Goya Romanticism. Napoleon Bonaparte visiting plague victims at Jaffa Hospital illustration from the first Italian edition of The Memorial of Saint Helena, Volume 1 by Emmanuel, Count de Las Cases , drawings by... Get premium, high resolution news photos at Getty Images The Rocky Mountains, Lander's Peak ! Bonaparte Visits the Plague Stricken in Jaffa (French: Bonaparte visitant les pestiférés de Jaffa) is an 1804 painting commissioned by Napoleon Bonaparte from Antoine-Jean Gros to portray an event during the Egyptian Campaign. It was an attempt to quell unsavory rumours after Napoleon ordered that fifty incurable dying plague victims in Jaffa be poisoned (without complete success) during his retreat from his Syrian expedition. Napoleon is touching one of the plague victims, as Christ did a leper. ‘Bonaparte Visiting the Plague Victims of Jaffa’ was created in 1804 by Antoine-Jean Gros in Neoclassicism style. Here, Napoleon is shown visiting a convent in Jaffa that had been transformed into a plague hospital, housing hundreds of his French and Arab soldiers. There’s nothing new about rulers who would exploit epidemics to reinforce their own power. Snowstorm ! The surest protection, the most efficacious remedy, was moral courage. Location: LOUVRE MUSEUM-PAINTINGS. (en) … Turner Romanticism. On 18 September 1804, the painting was exhibited at the Salon de Paris, between Napoleon's proclamation as emperor on 18 May and his coronation at Notre-Dame de Paris on 2 December. Note: Gros was a student of the Neo-Classical painter David, however, this painting, sometimes also titled, Napoleon Visiting the Pest House in Jaffa, is a proto-Romantic painting that points to the later style of Gericault and Delacroix. Find more prominent pieces of history painting at … Bonaparte visiting the plague victims of Jaffa, 11 March, 1799 Paris, Musée du Louvre This masterpiece, a precursor of Romanticism, was commissioned by Napoléon in an attempt to quash rumours that he had poisoned French troops suffering from the plague during the Syrian campaign. Goya Romanticism. More than 5 by 7 meters in size, it depicts an exotic Middle Eastern scene. But at the time, Napoleon’s medical team was careful not to call it that, lest it create panic in the ranks. [1] The scene shows Napoleon during a striking scene which occurred in Jaffa on 11 March 1799, when then General Bonaparte made a daring and spectacular visit to his sick soldiers. He painted Bonaparte visiting the plague-victims of Jaffa in 1804, even though this event took place on March 11th, 1799. Look back 220 years. These two artistic styles live in unity on this platform designed by Antoine-Jean Gros. Napoleon Bonaparte visiting plague-stricken soldiers at Jaff Wellcome L0004074.jpg 1,632 × 1,176; 1.06 MB Antoine-Jean Gros - Napoleon Bonaparte Visiting the Plague-stricken at Jaffa - WGA10702.jpg 1,193 × 850; 130 KB However, this painting, sometimes also titled Napoleon Visiting the Pest House in Jaffa, is a proto-Romantic painting that points to the later style of Gericault and Delacroix. Idealism and classicism were abandoned in favour of a certain romanticism. The Slave Ship ! On 11 March, Bonaparte made a spectacular visit to his sick soldiers, touching them, which was considered to be either magnificent or suicidal according to one's point of view on the Napoleonic legend or of the terrors of an age of plagues. Snowstorm ! Antoine-Jean Gros “Napoleon Visiting the Victims of the Plague at Jaffa, March 11, 1789” (1804), oil on canvas, 5.23 m x 7.15 m, Louvre Museum, Paris. In the foreground, in the shadows, the dying men are too weak to turn towards their leader. In his canvas, Napoleon at the Pesthouse of Jaffa (1804), Antoine Jean Gros depicts the great Napoleon Bonaparte visiting French soldiers who are sickened by a sudden outbreak of the bubonic plague in a Jaffa mosque that was transformed into a hospital for plague sufferers.Napoleon appears to stand just to the right of the center of the image, glowing with light. The scene is depicted against a stage-like backdrop of arcades reminiscent of David's The Oath of the Horatii (1784, Louvre). To the right, under two arcades, under a broken arch, is Napoleon, accompanied by his officers, touching the armpit bubo presented to him by one of the sick. The picture depicts General Bonaparte visiting plague-stricken French troops in the courtyard of a Jaffa mosque being used as a military hospital. The Tuileries and Carrousel gardens remain open. Turner Romanticism. (© RMN-Grand Palais/Art Resource, NY. Bonaparte Visiting the Plague Victims of Jaffa Bonaparte Visits the Plague Stricken in Jaffa (Bonaparte visitant les pestiférés de Jaffa) is an 1804 painting commissioned by Napoleon Bonaparte from Antoine-Jean Gros to portray an event during the Egyptian Campaign. In 1804, there was no question of representing this as other than a daring deed by Bonaparte, but the officer behind Napoleon tries to stop him touching the bubo. Note: Gros was a student of the Neo-Classical painter David, however, this painting, sometimes also titled, Napoleon Visiting the Pest House in Jaffa, is a proto-Romantic painting that points to the later style of Gericault and Delacroix. The period of romanticism art originated in Europe during the late 1700s. On 11 March, Bonaparte made a spectacular visit to his sick soldiers, touching them, which was considered to be either magnificent or suicidal according to one's point of view on the Napoleonic legend or of the terrors of an age of plagues. The capture and violent sack of Jaffa by the French army under Bonaparte on 7 March 1799 were rapidly followed by an outbreak of bubonic plague, identified by January 1799, which decimated the army. Go to search Bonaparte Visiting the Plague Victims of Jaffa, 1804. Napoleon on the Battlefield of Eylau, Bonaparte Visiting the Victims of the Plague at Jaffa, March 11, Bonaparte Visiting the Victims of the Plague at Jaffa, March 11, 1799. The painter Antoine-Jean Gros depicts the courage of General Bonaparte visiting plague-stricken soldiers in Jaffa, Syria, in 1799. Goya Romanticism. Since the army's arrival in Egypt in July 1798, several French had suffered serious eye problems due to the sand, dust and extreme light of the sun. Although the heroic nudes recall the work of Gros's master David, the warm colors, chiaroscuro, and oriental decor foreshadow Romantic painting. Author: Antoine Jean Gros (1771-1835). Behind them, two black men carry a stretcher, on which is a form, probably a cadaver. The composition is divided into contrasting areas of light and shade. Note: Gros was a student of the Neo-Classical painter David, however, this painting, sometimes also titled, Napoleon Visiting the Pest House in Jaffa, is a proto-Romantic painting that points to the later style of Gericault and Delacroix. The two-coloured arcade opens out on a gallery full of the sick. In his canvas, Napoleon at the Pesthouse of Jaffa (1804), Antoine Jean Gros depicts the great Napoleon Bonaparte visiting French soldiers who are sickened by a sudden outbreak of the bubonic plague in a Jaffa mosque that was transformed into a hospital for plague sufferers.Napoleon appears to stand just to the right of the center of the image, glowing with light. Bonaparte, in a shaft of daylight - ignoring the doctor trying to dissuade him - touches a sore on one of the plague victims with his bare hand. Napoleon Visiting the Plague Victims at Jaffa ! The painter has given great importance to the center of the painting, where he has placed Bonaparte, and has also included several heroic nudes. Go to content The […] You’ll find the same thing. The capture and violent sack of Jaffa by the French army under Bonaparte on 7 March 1799 were rapidly followed by an outbreak of bubonic plague, identified by January 1799, which decimated the army. But at the time, Napoleon’s medical team was careful not to call it that, lest it create panic in the ranks. Bonaparte Visits the Plague Stricken in Jaffa (French: Bonaparte visitant les pestiférés de Jaffa) is an 1804 painting commissioned by Napoleon Bonaparte from Antoine-Jean Gros to portray an event during the Egyptian Campaign. Napoleon Bonaparte Visiting the Plague-Stricken at Jaffa During the Egyptian campaign all those whose imagination was struck by fear died of it [the bubonic plague]. This painting was presented in the Salon of 1804 and it is preserved in the Louvre. Napoleon is touching one of the plague victims, as Christ did a leper. Bierdstadt Romanticism. Baron Antoine-Jean Gros, Napoleon Bonaparte Visiting the Pest House in Jaffa, 1804, oil on canvas, 209″ × 280″, (Musée du Louvre, Paris). The doctor's assistant supports the patient during the operation. Baron Antoine-Jean Gros, Napoleon Bonaparte Visiting the Pest House in Jaffa, 1804, oil on canvas, 209″ × 280″, (Musée du Louvre, Paris). The Rocky Mountains, Lander's Peak ! Desgenettes refused. Bonaparte Visits the Plague Stricken in Jaffa (French: Bonaparte visitant les pestiférés de Jaffa) is an 1804 painting commissioned by Napoleon Bonaparte by Antoine-Jean Gros to portray an event during the Egyptian Campaign. The Third of May ! But back to Jaffa and the plague. “Bonaparte Visiting the Plague Victims of Jaffa” by Antoine-Jean Gros “Bonaparte Visiting the Plague Victims of Jaffa” by Antoine-Jean Gros was commissioned by Napoleon Bonaparte to portray a historical event during his Egyptian Campaign. Since Gros, the artist, was 32 years old at the time at the composition, the shy, naked prisoner may in fact be a hidden self-portrait. The painter is implying that Bonaparte's virtue and courage justify the horrors of war. For example, this painting of “Napoleon Bonaparte Visiting the Plague-Stricken in Jaffa,” by Antoine-Jean Gros (1771 – 1835), makes propaganda from a plague. The painter emphasizes the suffering of the plague-stricken, instilling a feeling of horror and the sublime in the viewer. Go to navigation One of the officers watching has a handkerchief over his mouth. Napoleon Crossing the Great Saint Bernard Pass ! Read on to find out why. Baron Antoine-Jean GROS  (Paris, 1771 - Meudon (Hauts-de-Seine), 1835), Jacques-Louis DAVID  (Paris, 1748 - Brussels, 1825), © 2005-2011 Musée du Louvre - Tous droits de reproduction réservés, Découvrir le Louvre - Missions et projets, Découvrir le Louvre - Louvre, mode d'emploi, Napoleon Bonaparte Visiting the Plague-Stricken in Jaffa. The artwork, Napoleon at the Jaffa Plague House, is a depiction of Napoleon’s visit to his troops that were struck by the plague during their battle with the Turks at Syria. In the main salon of the Louvre in Paris hangs a massive painting, “Bonaparte Visiting the Plague-Stricken in Jaffa,” by Antoine-Jean Gros. This huge canvas, hugely acclaimed at the 1804 Salon, was the first masterpiece of Napoleonic painting. All those who have purchased a ticket for this period will automatically receive a refund—no action is required. The left-hand officer's action of holding something over his mouth and nose is not entirely unjustified, however - certain cases of bubonic plague can evolve into a pulmonary plague, with a highly elevated risk of infection from aerosols emitted by patients' coughs. The Third of May ! Bonaparte and then Napoleon the emperor drew the painters of the time away from classical subjects and had them paint contemporary battles and imperial pomp instead, with himself as the heroic center of attention. Napoleon and his doctors knew that this was the bubonic plague (peste), and the title of Gros’s painting refers to Napoleon visiting the plague-stricken (pestiférés). It was an attempt to quell unsavory rumours after Napoleon ordered that fifty incurable dying plague victims in Jaffa be poisoned (without complete success) during his retreat from his Syrian expedition. Baron Antoine-Jean Gros, Napoleon Bonaparte Visiting the Pest House in Jaffa, 1804, oil on canvas, 209 x 280″ (Musée du Louvre, Paris) Gros was a student of the Neo-Classical painter Jacques-Louis David. Painted and exhibited in 1804, coinciding exactly with the creation of […] Antoine-Jean Gros - Napoleon Bonaparte Visiting the Plague-stricken at Jaffa - WGA10702; General Bonaparte Visiting the Plague-Stricken at Jaffa - 1804 - 523 x 715 cm - oil on canvas - French Neoclassicism. On 27 May that same year, Napoleon made a second visit to the plague victims. Gros's Bonaparte Visiting the Plague-Stricken at Jaffa was the first major painting to emerge from the new patronage. Baron Antoine-Jean GROS Napoleon Bonaparte Visiting the Plague-stricken at Jaffa 1799 Oil on canvas, 523 x 715 cm Musée du Louvre, Paris: Gros was only fourteen when he became a pupil of Jaques-Louis David, after having received instruction from his father, a miniature painter. It was fought from 3 to 7 March 1799. Bonaparte Visits the Plague Stricken in Jaffa (French: Bonaparte visitant les pestiférés de Jaffa) is an 1804 painting commissioned by Napoleon Bonaparte by Antoine-Jean Gros to portray an event during the Egyptian Campaign. Yarentzy Magallanes UIN: 327003892 ARTS 349 502 02/02/2020 Napoleon’s Touch Bonaparte visitant les pestiferes de Jaffa (Napoleon Visiting the Plague Victims at Jaffa) can be used to explain romanticism and orientalism. 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